Danish Cartoonists


On the eve of the invasion of the Low Countries and France, the French weekly Marianne published a picture of Churchill and Hitler playing poker. Though the picture was a photomontage of the Danish artist Jacob Kjeldgaard (1884-1964), it shows the importance of daring to take a stand when this could not be taken for … Read more » “Danish Cartoonists”

Mad as March Hares


On October 281908,  the Daily Telegraph published an interview with the German Emperor Wilhelm II, the grandson of Queen Victoria of England. “You English,” he said, “are mad, mad, mad as March hares. What has come over you that you are so completely given over to suspicions quite unworthy of a great nation? What more … Read more » “Mad as March Hares”

Roman Paintings and Greek Masters


Gaius Plinius Secundus (Plinius the Elder, 23-79 A.D.) described various easel paintings in his encyclopedic Natural History (Naturalis historia). Not a single easel painting has survived however. Surviving examples of Roman painting can be found on frescoes and mosaics and the high level of painting is unequaled until the Renaissance. Julius Caesar is credited with … Read more » “Roman Paintings and Greek Masters”

Nude on the Acropolis


In 1927, photos stirred up a storm of controversy on the part of historians and archaeologists in Athens. The Greek photographer Elli Souyoultzoglou-Seraidari or Nelly (1899-1998) photographed the nude dancer Mona Palva on the Acropolis. Although the Acropolis had been the subject of (civil) war, plunder, neglect and other blasphemy for many centuries, this was one … Read more » “Nude on the Acropolis”

English Gardens in Germany


English landscape gardens are a great contribution to architectural history. Although gardens were an invention by ancient Babylonians, to be continued by Roman patricians and reaching perfection in the Caliphate of Cordoba in the tenth and eleven centuries, the English style was surpassed anything. The French copied the ‘jardin anglais’, the Germans the ‘Englischer Garten’. The gentlemen had been … Read more » “English Gardens in Germany”