Catalan Map (1375), Europe. National Library, Paris. Photo: Wikipedia

The European Spectator was founded in 2007. The European Spectator analyses, informs and writes about European integration, interdependence and cooperation. The focus is on history and art their different interpretations at European, national, regional or local level. Four periods and themes are being dealt with in particular: the Roman Empire and romanization, the eleventh and twelfth centuries and Romanesque art, the long nineteenth century (1815-1918) and its aftermath the Interbellum (1919-1939) and the functioning of the European Union. The European Spectator focuses in particular on Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Spain.


St. Nicholas Chapel

The St. Nicholas Chapel is the oldest building that is still standing on the Valkhof hill in Nijmegen (Nimwegen). The construction of the chapel started around 1030, although its octagonal design resembles the Carolingian Chapels in Aix-la-Chapelle, built late eight century. The chapel is closely linked to Theophano (960-991), the wife of the German emperor … Read more » “St. Nicholas Chapel”


Timber rafts on the Rhine

For centuries, timber rafts have been the most remarkable, but forgotten, means of transport on the Rhine. In the sixteenth century, this transport started slowly after it was decided in the Dutch province Holland that cities could only be built with stones. The demand for (long) piles to strengthen the fundaments of the houses in … Read more » “Timber rafts on the Rhine”


The St. Nicolas Chapel Nimwegen

The ancient Batavian settlement near the Dutch city of Nijmegen (Nimwegen) was called Oppidum Batavorum by the Romans, until the Roman emperor Traian granted the right of market in 104 AD and called the city was called Ulpia Noviomagus (the new market). The Romans built a castle (Castellum) on the hill. Frankish rulers reigned over this … Read more » “The St. Nicolas Chapel Nimwegen”


The Justin K. Thannhauser Collection

Hôtel de Caumont Art Centre presents masterpieces from the Justin K. Thannhauser Collection, which were bequeathed to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation in New York in 1963. Some fifty major works from this prestigious collection will be presented in Europe in a travelling exhibition that began at the Guggenheim Bilbao Museum: paintings and sculptures by … Read more » “The Justin K. Thannhauser Collection”

Churchill´s Europe

America’s National Churchill Museum

America’s National Churchill Museum is located on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri. The museum is the site where Winston Churchill gave his famous Iron Curtain speech on 5 March 1946. This speech actually marked the beginning of the Cold War. A short summary of the speech and its most famous phrase reads … Read more » “America’s National Churchill Museum”

European Affairs

Who are the Liars and Populists ?

If one wants to gain insight into the mainstream media of Switzerland, Germany or the Netherlands, one has to read the front page of the Neue Zürcher Zeitung of August, 17th. Boris Johnson is the main character, and this newspaper refers to him in the following way:” flamboyante Politiker, liebt pathetische Anspielungen”, …..Macht zu sichern. Und … Read more » “Who are the Liars and Populists ?”


Although the Romans claimed to be conservative, it was their open mind to other cultures that seems to have empowered their ability to conquer. In this view, Roman imperialism was not only political and military in nature, but also cultural in the sense that they used conquered cultures to shape their own culture and identity. … Read more » “Roman Imperialism”


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