Catalan Map (1375), Europe. National Library, Paris. Photo: Wikipedia

The European Spectator was founded in 2008. The European Spectator analyses, informs and writes about history, art, exhibitions, stories and European integration, cultural interdependence and political cooperation. The focus is on the Netherlands and projects and the relationship with Switzerland.


Remember Hole One

During construction work on Golf Centre Amsteldijk in the Bovenkerkerpolder near Amstelveen, a British aircraft wreckage from the Second World War was found. It is a Handley-Page Halifax MKIII. On 16 June 1944, almost 300 bombers flew from Full Sutton airfield near Yorkshire to Sterkrade near Bicholt in Germany to bomb the Fisher Tropsch synthetic … Read more » “Remember Hole One”


The river Amstel and Rembrandt

Twenty-three historical drawings, paintings and prints, lined up on the banks of the Amstel between Amsterdam and Ouderkerk aan de Amstel tell the story of the river in relation to its ever-expanding town of Amsterdam. They reveal the river as artists sa wit between 1600 and 1960. The route starts at the very heart of … Read more » “The river Amstel and Rembrandt”


The Archangel Michael of Zwolle

Around the eight century, a number of merchants settled around a natural inlet on a tributary of a river. The settlement soon developed into a harbour, with trading firms and warehouses. The commercial heart grew up in the first church, founded in 765 by Saint Lebuinus and Saint Marcellinus in the area that later became … Read more » “The Archangel Michael of Zwolle”


Goddesses of Art Nouveau

The museum is compiling an exhibition about the international art nouveau movement. Key features of this style, which held sway throughout Europe from 1890 to 1910, are flowing lines and floral motifs. Another characteristic is the frequent depiction of females. Many of them are divine figures taken from classical antiquity, Byzantine icons, medieval legends and … Read more » “Goddesses of Art Nouveau”

Churchill´s Europe

America’s National Churchill Museum

America’s National Churchill Museum is located on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri. The museum is the site where Winston Churchill gave his famous Iron Curtain speech on 5 March 1946. This speech actually marked the beginning of the Cold War. A short summary of the speech and its most famous phrase reads … Read more » “America’s National Churchill Museum”

European Affairs

History Will Judge

A thousand years ago, Europe as we know it today did not exist. Thirty million people living between the Ural and the British isles, between Scandinavia and Greece had no reason to think of themselves as a single culture or people. The Roman empire had left only half of the continent with roads, theaters, Latin, … Read more » “History Will Judge”


Although the Romans claimed to be conservative, it was their open mind to other cultures that seems to have empowered their ability to conquer. In this view, Roman imperialism was not only political and military in nature, but also cultural in the sense that they used conquered cultures to shape their own culture and identity. … Read more » “Roman Imperialism”


Advertising space available.
For further information please contact us.

Ravelace LLC

Ravelace LLC