Catalan Map (1375), Europe. National Library, Paris. Photo: Wikipedia

The European Spectator was founded in 2008. The European Spectator analyses, informs and writes about history, art, exhibitions, stories and European integration, cultural interdependence and political cooperation. The focus is on the Netherlands and projects and the relationship with Switzerland.

News

The Hanseatic League and Zwolle

The of Zwolle was granted city rights by Bishop Willebrand van Oldenburg of Utrecht in 1230. The town grew to a city of significance,  largely because of its location on trading routes and waterways Zwolle joined the Hanseatic League in 1407 and soon experienced a Golden Age and a rich eccliasiastical and cultural future. Further … Read more » “The Hanseatic League and Zwolle”

Feature

The Hanseatic City of Zwolle

The city of Zwolle was granted city rights by Bishop Willebrand van Oldenburg of Utrecht in 1230. The town grew to a city of significance., largely because of its location on trading routes and waterways. Zwolle joined the Hanseatic League in 1407 and soon experienced a Golden Age and a rich eccliasiastical and cultural future. … Read more » “The Hanseatic City of Zwolle”

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Agenda

Goddesses of Art Nouveau

The museum is compiling an exhibition about the international art nouveau movement. Key features of this style, which held sway throughout Europe from 1890 to 1910, are flowing lines and floral motifs. Another characteristic is the frequent depiction of females. Many of them are divine figures taken from classical antiquity, Byzantine icons, medieval legends and … Read more » “Goddesses of Art Nouveau”

Churchill´s Europe

America’s National Churchill Museum

America’s National Churchill Museum is located on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri. The museum is the site where Winston Churchill gave his famous Iron Curtain speech on 5 March 1946. This speech actually marked the beginning of the Cold War. A short summary of the speech and its most famous phrase reads … Read more » “America’s National Churchill Museum”

European Affairs

History Will Judge

A thousand years ago, Europe as we know it today did not exist. Thirty million people living between the Ural and the British isles, between Scandinavia and Greece had no reason to think of themselves as a single culture or people. The Roman empire had left only half of the continent with roads, theaters, Latin, … Read more » “History Will Judge”

Quote

Although the Romans claimed to be conservative, it was their open mind to other cultures that seems to have empowered their ability to conquer. In this view, Roman imperialism was not only political and military in nature, but also cultural in the sense that they used conquered cultures to shape their own culture and identity. … Read more » “Roman Imperialism”

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