The European Spectator was founded in 2008. The European Spectator analyses, informs and writes about history, art, exhibitions, stories and European integration, cultural interdependence and political cooperation. The focus is on the Netherlands and projects and the relationship with Switzerland.
Remember Hole One
25 June 2022
During construction work on Golf Centre Amsteldijk in the Bovenkerkerpolder near Amstelveen, a British aircraft wreckage from the Second World War was found. It is a Handley-Page Halifax MKIII. On 16 June 1944, almost 300 bombers flew from Full Sutton airfield near Yorkshire to Sterkrade near Bicholt in Germany to bomb the Fisher Tropsch synthetic … Read more » “Remember Hole One”
De nieuwe Wereldstad en het Mundaneum
8 July 2022
Wat heeft Google te maken hebben met het stichten van een Wereldstad in Genève in de jaren 1930 ? Het verhaal begint aan het einde van de negentiende eeuw in België. Paul Otlet (1868-1944) en Henri la Fontaine (1854-1943) wilden een Wereldbibliotheek stichten voor alle boeken, geschriften, iconografie, kranten, tijdschriften en alle andere geschriften. Deze … Read more » “De nieuwe Wereldstad en het Mundaneum”
The Archangel Michael of Zwolle
27 May 2021
Around the eight century, a number of merchants settled around a natural inlet on a tributary of a river. The settlement soon developed into a harbour, with trading firms and warehouses. The commercial heart grew up in the first church, founded in 765 by Saint Lebuinus and Saint Marcellinus in the area that later became … Read more » “The Archangel Michael of Zwolle”
Manet and Astruc
23 October 2021
Edouard Manet (1832–1883) is one of the most famous artists of the 19th century. Zacharie Astruc (1833–1907), however, is almost unknown as an artist today. Initially he made a name for himself as an art critic: he was the first to publicly defend Manet’s works. In the 1860s Manet painted him several times. With the Portrait … Read more » “Manet and Astruc”
America’s National Churchill Museum
America’s National Churchill Museum is located on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri. The museum is the site where Winston Churchill gave his famous Iron Curtain speech on 5 March 1946. This speech actually marked the beginning of the Cold War. A short summary of the speech and its most famous phrase reads … Read more » “America’s National Churchill Museum”
The American Constitution
15 December 2019
The Articles of the American Confederation, ratified in March 1781, gave each state so much power and independence that many political leaders believed that America needed a stronger national government. They finally produced a Constitution in 1787, more then ten years after the Declaration of independence (1776), in the same Hall of Independence in Philadelphia. … Read more » “The American Constitution”
Although the Romans claimed to be conservative, it was their open mind to other cultures that seems to have empowered their ability to conquer. In this view, Roman imperialism was not only political and military in nature, but also cultural in the sense that they used conquered cultures to shape their own culture and identity. … Read more » “Roman Imperialism”
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