Romanesque Cathedral of Worms

The Cathedral in Worms (1025-1181). Photo: TES.

The cathedral in Worms is a relatively small Romanesque cathedral.  The cathedral was an initiative of  Bishop Burchard (965-1025), built in the Romanesque style, embellished in the Gothic.  The cathedral’s four slender round towers, the rose window of the west choir and its rich architectural structure can still be admired today. The theological theme of the ornamentation of the portal is the triumph of Christ, the majestas domini and the Last Judgement, a common theme these days. Its sculpture is unique in medieval imagery however: the Church (Ecclesia) is presented riding on a beast that compromises the four symbols of the evangelists. The current building was consecrated after various renovations under the Hohenstaufen rulers in 1181. When the Gothic style came into fashion, the south side was changed, the Nicholas Chapel was extended and the Chapel of St. Anne and St. George were built around 1300.

The other Romanesque eye catcher in Worms is St. Andrew’s Collegiate Church, a complex with powerful arcades and richly decorated capitals. The small St. Magnus Church is the oldest (Romanesque) church in Worms. Bishop Burchard also started the construction of St. Paul’s Church,  St. Martin’s Church and the Mountain Church. Even the Synagogue, evidently not built by bishops, shares the characteristics of Burchard’s buildings. Further information: www.worms.de