National Museum of Rome

The National Museum of Rome (Museo Nazionale Romano) which possesses one of the world’s most important archaeological collections, is housed in three different facilities: the Baths of Diocletian, which include the Octagonal Hall, the Palazzo Massimo, and the Palazzo Altemps. The historic headquarters of the Museum is the Baths complex built by Diocletian between the last years of the third century A.D. The building of the Baths, the largest in the ancient world, included many rooms besides the traditional calidarium, tepidarium and frigidarium. There was a natatio or frigidarium for swimmers (large open air swimming pool) and various other rooms. The Octagonal Hall stands at the southwest corner of the central complex of the Baths of Diocletian. The most important of the works on exhibit are the Lyceum Apollo and the Aphrodite of Cyrene. The Palazzo Massimo exhibits in the central hall works that illustrate the political and ideological program of Augustus, including the statue of Augustus dressed as the Pontifex Maximus from the Via Labicana and the pictorial frieze of the noble sepulchre from the Esquiline hill. The Palazzo Altemps boasts works of great artistic value, such as the Gaul who kills himself together with his wife, the Ludovisi Ares, the Castelporziano, the Ludovisi Hermes, the Aphrodite of Cnidus, and a colossal sarcophagus.

Museum: National Museum of Rome
City: Rome
Country: Italy
Address: Via Enrico de Nicola 79