This section contains an overview of the most relevant exhibitions. Each item is connected to the organizing museum.

The Weimar Republic

The four chapters of the exhibition highlight the central challenges in politics and society faced by contemporaries of the Weimar Republic. The focus lies not on the downfall of the Weimar Republic, but rather on how the citizens dealt with the controversial topic of what democracy is and should be, and how the decisive principles of democracy evolved. The energy and modernity with which democrats addressed these problems are indeed impressive and visionary. Many of the freedoms and creative latitudes they fought for and defended are milestones and have lost none of their actuality: women’s suffrage established in 1919, compromise as a fundamental principle of democracy, the implementation of the social state, the. Democracy constitutes, so far, the best form of government. The exhibition is based on this principle.

War to the Destroyers

The Victor Hugo House and the Musée du Temps present an exhibition dedicated to Victor Hugo (1802-1885) and his commitment to preserving cultural heritage. He wrote a pamphlet about this in 1832. Interest in the Middle Ages and its heritage was born in France at the beginning of the nineteenth century, at the beginning of the Romantic Period. Medieval monuments were previously seen primarily as remains of a barbaric era, good as building material for new projects. Victor Hugo was one of the first advocates for the preservation of this heritage and he declared war to the destroyers, a still topical theme.


Optical Illusions and Fake News Forever

Louis-Léopold Boilly (1761-1845), Trompe l’œil with cat, 18th century. © Sammlung Henri und Farida Seydoux, Photo: Kunsthalle München.

Optical illusions, trompe-l’oeil, visual trickery and deceptions have always been around, particularly in art. Since antiquity, artists have been playing with our senses, reminding us time and time again how easily we are deceived. With examples from painting, sculpture, video, architecture, design, fashion and interactive virtual-reality works, the exhibition weaves a highly entertaining path through the (art) history of appearance and illusion. The exhibition transforms over four millennia of optical illusions into an exciting art experience, with every room holding new surprises in store. Since time immemorial, artists have been searching for new ways of duping the beholder, confounding him with their craftsmanship. Even the frescoes of antiquity impressively simulate three-dimensional images. Baroque church ceilings refine these illusion techniques, seeming to draw the gaze of the congregation up into heavenly spheres. Moreover, during the 17th century, the golden age of illusory painting, audiences were captivated by the trompe-l’œil (fooling the eye). These works are so perfectly executed that the depicted objects seem to emerge from the frames. Today’s digital virtual reality technology offers almost unlimited possibilities of extending the longstanding tradition of optical illusions in ways hitherto undreamed of.

The Sea and the Development of Europe

Danish fishing cutter Rexona (Frederikshavn 1899) at sea, summer 2010. Foto: TES.

Europe is a maritime continent in geographical terms. Taking the length of the coastline relative to the total land area, Europe has more contact with the sea than any of the other continents. Nevertheless, the sea can seem very remote to people living in central and eastern Europe. In many countries, the sea is part of people’s daily reality only when they go there on holiday, or if they live on the coast.

The exhibition reveals just how fundamentally the sea has shaped the development of Europe, exploring the roles it has played and continues to play. The exhibition covers the centuries from the Age of Antiquity to the present. It examines the sea’s significance as a facilitator of European wars, expansionism, and trade, as a bridge and barrier, as a resource, and as a focus of yearning and imagination. In addition to the historical dimension, it casts a spotlight on many aspects that are of great importance today: the role of the sea as a bridge and barrier to the continent has acquired new relevance, environmental concerns, climate-related issues, and the use or overuse of marine resources are also subjects of growing public debate.