Roman Imperialism


Although the Romans claimed to be conservative, it was their open mind to other cultures that seems to have empowered their ability to conquer. In this view, Roman imperialism was not only political and military in nature, but also cultural in the sense that they used conquered cultures to shape their own culture and identity. … Read more » “Roman Imperialism”

European Identities


Identity must take into account relevant issues such as topography, religious change, material culture, art, architecture, and infrastructure to understand the formation of European cultural heritage. Traditionally, identification of people has taken root in the forms of art that they create. Representation of identity in the European discourse crosses over several major art movements and … Read more » “European Identities”

The Holy Roman Empire


The Holy Roman Empire’s history lies at the heart of the European experience. Understanding that history explains how much of the continent developed between the early Middle Ages and the nineteenth century. The Empire lasted more than a millennium and encompassed much of the continents. It addition to present-day Germany, it included all or part … Read more » “The Holy Roman Empire”

The Next 100 Years


It is unreasonable to talk of Europe as if it were one entity. It is not, in spite of the existence of the European Union, a free trade zone and a European currency. Europe consists of a series of sovereign and contentious nation-states. The European Union, which emerged from the European Economic Community (1957), is … Read more » “The Next 100 Years”

The Rickety EU


The EU is in a truly terrible state. In French politics the situation is even worse than usual. In Germany, the left-wing federalist fanatic Martin Schulz is climbing in the polls. In Poland, the goverment is much more worried about the security relation with Russia than keeping Brussels happy. A stroppy Hungarian government is also at odds with … Read more » “The Rickety EU”

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