The European Spectator was founded in 2007. Europe’s integration and interdependence can only be understood by an adequate knowledge of its history and culture in its European context. Societies, culture and history we characterize today as ‘national’ often have European roots. The Roman invention of concrete, wine drinking and city-planning, the Flemish invention of oil painting or 19th century’s revolutions did not occur in a vacuum, but as a result of cross border developments, contacts, trade and interdependence. The European Spectator highlights the most relevant developments from the perspective of Europe’s artefacts. Many readers will be surprised about the roots of their societies and countries. The main focus will be on the first centuries of the Roman Empire, the Carolingian Empire, the twelfth century and the long nineteenth century (1814-1914).


    The Upper Middle Rhine valley (a UNESCO World Heritage area)  was occupied by Celtic tribes who gave the name Baudobriga to the settlement known today as Boppard in Germany. The region came under
    Bodobrica on the Rhine
    The Panorama artist Yadegar Asisi portrays the city Rouenat the onset of modern times and during the Gothic period and the Hundred Years’ War. The Panorama presents Rouen at a time when its socia
    Rouen 1431
    2016 marks the 950th anniversary of the Norman invasion of England and William the Conqueror’s crowning at Westminster on December 25th, 1066. To mark this occasion, Normandy commemorates thes
    950th anniversary of the Battle of Hastings
  • European pacta non sunt servanda

    European pacta non sunt servanda

    In July 1991, it was still unthinkable that Europe should have a single currency, five months later (December 1991) the single currency was a fact. The euro is not only extremely expensive, ineffective, a defiance of fundamental requirements of high moral and a disaster, it is even a motor for further and ever faster European integration towards a total monetary, political and economic Union of European States. One European disaster leads to more Europe, not to self reflection, always forwards, like the generals of WOI. It is like Communism: the system doesn’t  fail, but it is just the socialistic phase […]Read More »


Current Projects

The Rexona back to the Roots. Fishery in North-West Europe 1850-1920

2010 was the 111th anniversary of the launch of the Danish seine cutter Rexona in Frederikshavn, Denmark. Rexona is one of the few remaining Danish fishing cutters from the days of sail, a relic from the heyday of the Danish and indeed European fishing industry in North-West Europe between 1850 and 1920. The project 'Rexona Back to the Roots - Sea Fisheries in North-West Europe 1850 – 1920 endeavours to give broad attention to the importance of sea fishing, the ships and relations between the countries in this region. The turn of the nineteenth century was marked by industrialization, urbanization and rapid population growth and it boosted demand for cheap food. Fish provided for this need. Improved lines of transport and distribution brought remote markets within reach across national boundaries. From 1850 onwards, Denmark would be at the forefront of the development of new effective fishing methods and the design and construction of modern sailing cutters. Other countries in...