Catalan Map (1375), Europe. National Library, Paris. Photo: Wikipedia

The European Spectator was founded in 2007. The European Spectator analyses, informs and writes about European integration, interdependence and cooperation. The focus is on history and art their different interpretations at European, national, regional or local level. Four periods and themes are being dealt with in particular: the Roman Empire and romanization, the eleventh and twelfth centuries and Romanesque art, the long nineteenth century (1815-1918) and its aftermath the Interbellum (1919-1939) and the functioning of the European Union. The European Spectator focuses in particular on Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Spain.


One Century De Stijl

The year 2017 marks the 100th anniversary of the magazine De Stijl. Place of birth was Laren, a small town in the Dutch province Noord-Holland, date of birth (the first official announcement): 25 November 1917. De Stijl became an icon of modernity throughout Europe and the world . Its timing and place, amidst a destructive … Read more » “One Century De Stijl”


Nine Eleven is a Day of European Shame

On 9 and 10 November 1938, The ‘Reichskristallnacht’, the Night of Broken Glass, was the outburst of 5 years of indoctrination, violence and propaganda. It was another violent step to the Holocaust, elimination of handicaped peoplr, priests and other unwanted individuals and groups. The ‘enemy’ was the cement of the dictatorship and the Jewish people … Read more » “Nine Eleven is a Day of European Shame”


Das Siemens Mosaik

Das Rheinische Landesmuseum Trier besitzt die bedeutendste Sammlung römischer Mosaiken nördlich der Alpen. 21 Mosaike werden gezeigt, aber mehr als 110 Mosaike hat das Museum  dazu noch geborgen. Diese Sammlung entwickelte sich im Laufe des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts. In der Zeit um die Jahrhunderte wächst die Sammlung durch zufällige Neufunde durch Grabungen und gelegentlich gezielte Forschungen.. … Read more » “Das Siemens Mosaik”


Scientific Discourse in the Middle Ages 500-1500

Today’s scientific world rests upon the shoulders of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim scholars who translated ancient scriptures in the Middle Ages. The significance of this transfer of knowledge cannot be overstated. The exhibition is dedicated to this phenomenal period of the meeting of cultures. Four great writing cultures are presented: Hebrew, Greek, Arabic and … Read more » “Scientific Discourse in the Middle Ages 500-1500”

Churchill´s Europe

The Darkest Hour

The new film Darkest Hour is  devoted to Winston Churchill’s first month as prime minister in May 1940 and accurately depicts the fierce resistance on the part of many Tories, most of the aristocracy and business leaders to the elevation of Churchill. They rejected the defiance of Churchill as bad for (financial) business, irresponsible and … Read more » “The Darkest Hour”

European Affairs

The Power of Images

The discovery of a bust of Julius Caesar by French archeologists  at the bottom of the Rhône brings into prominence the power of images and propaganda during the last days of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Empire. This bust does not correspond with the approximately 25 busts of Caesar known from the Augustan … Read more » “The Power of Images”


It is unreasonable to talk of Europe as if it were one entity. It is not, in spite of the existence of the European Union, a free trade zone and a European currency. Europe consists of a series of sovereign and contentious nation-states. The European Union, which emerged from the European Economic Community (1957), is … Read more » “The Next 100 Years”


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