The European Spectator was founded in 2007. The integration, cooperation, integration and interdependence of Europe’s nation states can only be understood by an adequate knowledge of their history and culture in a European context. Societies, culture and history we characterize nowadays as ‘national’ often have European roots. The Roman invention of concrete, wine drinking and city-planning, the Flemish invention of oil painting or 19th century’s revolutions didn’t occur in a vacuum, but as a result of cross border developments, contacts, trade and interdependence. The European Spectator highlights the most relevant developments from the perspective of artefacts and history. Many readers will be surprised about the roots of their societies and countries. The main focus will be on the first centuries of the Roman Empire, the Middle Ages and the long nineteenth century (1814-1914). The contributions are mainly focused on Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and The Netherlands and the functioning of the European Union. Most contributions are written in English. Dutch, French and German articles are available by a click on the button.


    This year marks the beginning of one of the most important European events: the Reformation. Martin Luther launched his reform by the publication of his 95 demands in 1517, but he never foresaw the
    The year 2017 marks the 100th anniversary of the magazine De Stijl. Place of birth was Laren, a small town in the Dutch province Noord-Holland, date of birth (the first official announcement) 25 No
    One Century De Stijl
    One of the fascinating aspects of art and history is the unification of dispersed pieces of art, that once formed a single artefact. The relief of Ghent, designed by Hubert van Eyck (1366–1426) a
    The Great Calvary in Cologne
  • The Parallel World of Great Europeans

    The Parallel World of Great Europeans

    The news coverage of German (and Dutch) media mainly focuses on the American presidency and Brexit nowadays. These media arouse the public sentiment à la the Tabloids and the appalling images at the German street carnival are the result of this campaign against democratically elected politicians in the UK and the US, although they saved Europe three times from (German and communist) barbarism in the 20th century. The Führer is back in the Germans streets as well and German citizens even dare to compare the American president with this barbarian Germanic leader. This is no caricature, but hate. Germany (and Holland) welcomes Turkey as […]Read More »


Current Projects

Rexona 1899-1924

The Rexona, built in 1899 in Frederikshavn, Denmark, is one of the few remaining fishing cutters from the days of sail, a relic from the heyday of the Danish and European fishing industry in North-West Europe between 1850 and 1920. The year 2024 marks the 125th anniversary of the launch of the Rexona . The Association (Vereniging) Rexona, the current owner, endeavours to give broad attention to the importance of sea fishing, the ships and relations between the countries in this region.The project 'Rexona Back to the Roots - Sea Fisheries in North-West Europe 1850 – 1920' was initiated for these purpose. Read the whole story in: The Dutch Story of the Danish Cutter Rexona 1899-2024.