The European Spectator was founded in 2007. Europe’s integration and interdependence can only be understood by an adequate knowledge of its history and culture in its European context. Societies, culture and history we characterize today as ‘national’ often have European roots. The Roman invention of concrete, wine drinking and city-planning, the Flemish invention of oil painting or 19th century’s revolutions did not occur in a vacuum, but as a result of cross border developments, contacts, trade and interdependence. The European Spectator highlights the most relevant developments from the perspective of Europe’s artefacts. Many readers will be surprised about the roots of their societies and countries. The main focus will be on the first centuries of the Roman Empire, the Carolingian Empire, the twelfth century and the long nineteenth century (1814-1914).


    Two centuries have passed since the invention of the Draisine, the first bike, developed by Freiherr Karl von Drais (1785-1851). The first try-out was on 12 June 1817 in Mannheim (Germany). The ari
    The Bicycle Moves On
    2016 is characterised by the commemoration of the 700th anniversary of the birth of Charles IV, King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor. Born to the ducal House of Luxembourg, Charles IV (1316-1378)
    700 Years Charles IV
    The Church Our Lady  in Maastricht is one of the oldest Romanesque churches in The Netherlands.  Just the chapel of the Rolduc abbey in Kerkrade, to the east of Maastricht, and the Carolingian Ch
    Oud Lady The Star of the Sea
  • The Proof of the European Pudding

    The Proof of the European Pudding

    The political move of Martin Schulz, the self-proclaimed ‘Spitzenkandidat’ and one of the five ‘presidents’ of the European Union, is another proof of the European pudding. Schulz leaves the European Parliament to serve his own political agenda as German politician, although he was chosen for five years as European ‘Spitzenkandidat’. Schulz became the ‘president’ of the European Parliament as a result of a deal with the other self-proclaimed ‘Spitzenkandidat’ Jean-Claude Juncker. There was neither another ‘Spitzenkandidat’ for the ‘European’ Socialists, nor for the ‘European’ Christen-Democrats, let alone a serious ‘presidential’campaign, if any. About 40% of the EU-citizens voted for this farce […]Read More »


Current Projects

The Rexona back to the Roots. Fishery in North-West Europe 1850-1920

2010 was the 111th anniversary of the launch of the Danish seine cutter Rexona in Frederikshavn, Denmark. Rexona is one of the few remaining Danish fishing cutters from the days of sail, a relic from the heyday of the Danish and indeed European fishing industry in North-West Europe between 1850 and 1920. The project 'Rexona Back to the Roots - Sea Fisheries in North-West Europe 1850 – 1920 endeavours to give broad attention to the importance of sea fishing, the ships and relations between the countries in this region. The turn of the nineteenth century was marked by industrialization, urbanization and rapid population growth and it boosted demand for cheap food. Fish provided for this need. Improved lines of transport and distribution brought remote markets within reach across national boundaries. From 1850 onwards, Denmark would be at the forefront of the development of new effective fishing methods and the design and construction of modern sailing cutters. Other countries in...